Tuesday, July 9, 2013

1307.1798 (Athena Stacy et al.)

The First Stars: A Low-Mass Formation Mode    [PDF]

Athena Stacy, Volker Bromm
We perform numerical simulations of the growth of a Population III stellar system under photodissociating feedback. We start from cosmological initial conditions at z = 100, self-consistently following the formation of a minihalo at z = 15 and the subsequent collapse of its central gas to high densities. The simulations resolve scales as small as ~ 1 AU, corresponding to gas densities of 10^16 cm^-3. Using sink particles to represent the growing protostars, we evolve the stellar system for the next 5000 years. We find that this emerging stellar group accretes at an unusually low rate compared with minihalos which form at earlier times (z = 20 - 30), or with lower baryonic angular momentum. The stars in this unusual system will likely reach masses ranging from < 1 M_sun to 5 M_sun by the end of their main-sequence lifetimes, placing them in the mass range for which stars will undergo an asymptotic giant branch (AGB) phase. Based upon the simulation, we predict the existence of Population III stars that have survived to the present day and have been enriched by mass overflow from a previous AGB companion.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.1798

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