Tuesday, July 16, 2013

1307.3606 (Navid Rad et al.)

Effect of circular Unruh radiation on bound nucleons and a possible answer to the Lithium 7 puzzle    [PDF]

Navid Rad, Douglas Singleton, Triyanta
In the shell model of nuclei, protons and neutrons move in a phenomenological nuclear potential much in the same manner as electrons move in Coulomb based potential in the shell model of atoms. As in the atomic case, the protons and neutrons of certain nuclear energy levels will have a non-zero orbital angular momentum (i.e. l =/= 0) and will therefore experience a centripetal potential and a centripetal acceleration. We advance the hypothesis, based on justification via the path integral formalism, that if one associates an Unruh temperature with this quantum centripetal acceleration then there is a potentially experimentally observable effect on certain nuclei -- the shifting of the naive expectations of the relative occupation of the ground and lowest lying energy levels. In particular we find that this effect should be most prominent in Li-7 nuclei. We speculate that this effect of the Unruh temperature might offer an answer to the Li-7 problem in Big Bang Nucleosynthesis.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.3606

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