Sunday, August 4, 2013

1308.0015 (Avery E. Broderick et al.)

Lower Limits upon the Anisotropy of the Extragalactic Gamma-Ray Background implied by the 2FGL and 1FHL Catalogs    [PDF]

Avery E. Broderick, Christoph Pfrommer, Ewald Puchwein, Philip Chang
In principle, the angular anisotropy in the extragalactic gamma-ray background (EGRB) places severe constraints upon putative populations of unresolved gamma-ray point sources. Existing estimates of the EGRB anisotropy have been constructed by excising known point sources, e.g., taken from the First or 2 Year Fermi-LAT Source Catalog (1FGL or 2FGL, respectively) and statistically analyzing the residual gamma-ray sky maps. We perform an independent check of the EGRB anisotropy limits by comparing the values obtained from the 1FGL-masked sky maps to the signal implied by sources that lie below the 1FGL detection threshold in the more-sensitive 2FGL and 1FHL (First Fermi-LAT catalog of >10 GeV sources). Based upon this, we find evidence for substantially larger anisotropies than those previously reported at energies above 5 GeV, where BL Lacs are likely to provide the bulk of their contribution to the EGRB. This uncertainty in the EGRB anisotropy cautions against using it as an independent constraint for the high-redshift gamma-ray Universe. Moreover, this would suggest that contrary to previous claims, smooth extensions of the resolved point source population may be able to simultaneously explain both the isotropic and anisotropic components of the EGRB.
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