Monday, August 5, 2013

1308.0336 (Thomas P. K. Martinsson et al.)

The DiskMass Survey. VII. The distribution of luminous and dark matter in spiral galaxies    [PDF]

Thomas P. K. Martinsson, Marc A. W. Verheijen, Kyle B. Westfall, Matthew A. Bershady, David R. Andersen, Rob A. Swaters
We present dynamically-determined rotation-curve mass decompositions of 30 spiral galaxies, which were carried out to test the maximum-disk hypothesis and to quantify properties of their dark-matter (DM) halos. We used measured vertical velocity dispersions of the disk stars to calculate dynamical mass surface densities. Together with our atomic and molecular gas mass surface densities, we derived the stellar mass surface densities, and thus have absolute measurements of all dominant baryonic components. Using K-band surface brightness profiles, we calculated the K-band mass-to-light ratio of the stellar disks (M/L). Our result is consistent with all galaxies in the sample having equal M/L, with a sample average and scatter of =0.31+/-0.07. Rotation-curves of the baryonic components were calculated from their mass surface densities, and used with circular-speed measurements to derive the structural parameters of the DM halos, modeled as either a pseudo-isothermal sphere (pISO) or an NFW halo. All galaxies in our sample are submaximal, such that at 2.2 disk scale lengths (hR) the ratios between the baryonic and total rotation-curves (Fb^{2.2hR}) are less than 0.75. We find this ratio to be nearly constant between 1-6 hR within individual galaxies. We find a sample average and scatter of =0.57+/-0.07, with trends of larger Fb^{2.2hR} for more luminous and higher-surface-brightness galaxies. To enforce these being maximal, we need to scale M/L by a factor 3.6 on average. The DM rotation curves are marginally better fit by a pISO than by an NFW halo. For the nominal-M/L (submaximal) case, the derived NFW-halo parameters have values consistent with LCDM N-body simulations, suggesting that the baryonic matter has only had a minor effect on the DM distribution. In contrast, maximum-M/L decompositions yield halo concentrations that are too low compared to the LCDM simulations.
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