Friday, July 26, 2013

1307.6643 (Sandor M. Molnar et al.)

The Pre-merger Impact Velocity of the Binary Cluster A1750 from X-ray, Lensing and Hydrodynamical Simulations    [PDF]

Sandor M. Molnar, I-Non Tim Chiu, Tom Broadhurst, Joachim G. Stadel
Since the discovery of the "bullet cluster" several similar cases have been uncovered suggesting relative velocities well beyond the tail of high speed collisions predicted by the concordance LCDM model. However, quantifying such post-merger events with hydrodynamical models requires a wide coverage of possible initial conditions. Here we show that it is simpler to interpret pre-merger cases, such as A1750, where the gas between the colliding clusters is modestly affected, so that the initial conditions are clear. We analyze publicly available Chandra data confirming a significant increase in the projected X-ray temperature between the two cluster centers in A1750 consistent with our expectations for a merging cluster. We model this system with a self-consistent hydrodynamical simulation of dark matter and gas using the FLASH code. Our simulations reproduce well the X-ray data, and the measured redshift difference between the two clusters in the phase before the first core passage viewed at an intermediate projection angle. The deprojected initial relative velocity derived using our model is 1460 km/sec which is considerably higher than the predicted mean impact velocity for simulated massive haloes derived by recent LCDM cosmological simulations, but it is within the allowed range. Our simulations demonstrate that such systems can be identified using a multi-wavelength approach and numerical simulations, for which the statistical distribution of relative impact velocities may provide a definitive examination of a broad range of dark matter scenarios.
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